All forms of diabetes is starting to become so prevalent, it is almost as though we have become complacent regarding it. The incidence is growing in most countries despite public health strategies are attempting to take care of the obesity epidemic that is maintaining the diabetes challenge. Diabetes has a number of complications that all combine together to put the feet at substantial risk from complications. These complications vary from a minor infection to the more serious complications like a need to amputate a leg because of a spreading infection or dead tissue. The complications associated with diabetes have an impact on so many different tissues in the body.
When it comes to the feet, diabetes impacts the blood flow and therefore any problems for the foot is more prone to be serious as there is not enough good circulation to permit healing to occur. Diabetes also damages the nerves, so that if there is some damage, either major or minor such as a skin cut, then no soreness is sensed, so the foot continues to be traumatised making the complication much more severe. The body has lots of functions to fight infection, however in diabetes the response to an infection is significantly slower compared with those without diabetes. Diabetes also affects the eye and even though the eyes are a long way from the foot, adequate eyesight is needed to see any problems that might have occurred to the foot so it may be dealt with. Even the kidney disease that is common in diabetes impacts wound healing after the injury has been done and the presence of disease in the renal system can impact which drugs, for example antibiotics, can be used and sometimes that range can be extremely restricted.
It is for all these reasons, and many more not mentioned, that those with diabetic foot have to take additional care of their feet. They should check them frequently to make sure that there is no damage and if there is an injury they have to get medical help promptly. Most importantly, they must be regularly seen by a foot doctor.